HUDEYBİYE

Except for the borders of the Harem, it is in the northwest of Mecca, 24 km from the Masjid al-Haram, in the town now called Şümeysi. Bî’at-ur-Rıdvan, Hudaybiye Musalaha was held here. It had been 6 years since the Hijra. The immigrants missed their homeland, their families in Mecca and visiting the Kaaba very much. As it is explained in verse 28 of Surah Fatah, Hz. In his dream, the Prophet saw that he and his companions entered Makkah and performed umrah in safety and told him about it. In the 6th year of the Migration, our Prophet (saas) came to the well of Hudaybiye (ash-Sumeysi) to perform Umrah with about 1,400 of his Companions. The Quraysh sent cavalry to prevent them from entering Mecca. Although our Prophet (saas) sent some Companions to Mecca to meet with the Qurayshis and explain their intentions, the Prophet (pbuh) failed to achieve success. sent Osman. Hz. Uthman told them that their only purpose was to visit the Kaaba and that they would return to Medina after they had done so. They are only St. They informed that Osman could visit the Kaaba and that they would not allow others. Hz. When Osman said that he would never be able to consent to this without the Messenger of Allah and his friends, the polytheists did not like this attitude of him and put him in jail. Thereupon, the Messenger of Allah The news that Osman was martyred reached. As soon as he heard this, the Messenger of Allah sent his Companions to pledge allegiance to him and Hz. He called him to march to Mecca to punish what had been done to Uthman. Muslims pledged allegiance to fight the polytheists until their last breath under the genealogy of Ridvan. This allegiance was called “Bî’at-ı Rıdvan”. لقد رضى الله عن المؤمنين اذ يبايعونك تحت الشجرة فعلم ما فى قلوبهم فانزل السكينة عليهم و أثابهم فتيحاً “Verily, Allah was pleased with the believers when they pledged allegiance to you under that tree (in Hudaybiyah). Knowing the sincerity in their hearts, He sent calm, peace and security on them. He granted them an imminent conquest and many spoils to gain. God has absolute power, judgment and wisdom. (Fatih, 18-19) When the polytheists heard this, they decided to make peace. Hz. Osman returned safely. The Qurayshis submitted their request for peace and the Hudaybiyah Peace was signed, which first appeared to the detriment of the Muslims and was actually considered a conquest. The qurbans were cut and returned without performing Umrah. The dream of our Prophet came true on Dhu al-Qa’dah 7 (March 629) the following year, and the accident went down in history with the name “Umretü’l Kaza”. Probably, where the peace was made, It is next to the cemetery at a distance of about 1 km to the east of the town called “e-Şümeysi”. According to those who have worked on the subject, the place called “tahteşşecere” (under the tree) in the Qur’an is at the foot of the trees right next to the mentioned cemetery. Approximately 2.5 km east of Eş-Şümeysi, there is a monument pointing to the border of the harem.