Umrah, literally; It means visit. Shar’an; To visit Baytullah with ihram and to perform sa’y between Safa and Marwa.
Definition and ruling of Umrah: Umrah consists of tahlik (shaving the hair) and taqr (cutting the hair) by wearing the ihram, circumambulation and sa’y whenever desired, except for the days of Arafa and Sacrifice Eid (5 days), regardless of a certain time.
Obligations of Umrah: * Ihram * Tawaf Of these, ihram is a must, and circumambulation is a rukn.
Wajibs of Umrah: * Sa’y (Umrah is a pillar in other madhhabs) * Shaving or shortening the hair. (According to Hanafi and Malikis, it is wajib, according to Shafi’i and Hanbalis it is a priority) In the Hanafi and Maliki sect, performing Umrah once in a lifetime is a muakkad sunnah; Umrah is considered obligatory in the Shafii and Hanbali madhhabs.
Miqat place of Umrah: It is the miqat places of pilgrimage for those who come to Makkah from outside the miqat area. Miqat place of those in Hilda is hill. Those who are in Mecca, whether they are Meccan or foreign, are the miqat place for Umrah. They go out of the harem and enter the ihram for Umrah (Ten’im, Hudaybiye, Cirane).
Meaning: Complete Hajj and Umrah for Allah. (Surat al-Baqara: Verse 196)
Meaning: Umrah (which will be done later) is expiation for the (minor sins) that will occur between the two until Umrah. The reward for a blessed pilgrimage is only Paradise. (Bukhari c.2 p.198)
Meaning: The jihad of the old, the child, the weak and the woman is Hajj and Umrah. (Nesai c.2 p.3).
Meaning: “Umrah in Ramadan is equivalent to a pilgrimage with me. (Against Ally)
Meaning: Hz. It was narrated from Omar. Hazrat Umar (ra) asked the Messenger of Allah for permission for Umrah. Allowing him: “O my brother, make us a partner in some of your prayers. Do not forget us (in prayer)”. (Sunan-i ibn-i Mace)
Meaning: Hz. Aisha was narrated from our mother. The Messenger of Allah, Hz. When our mother Aisha was going to perform Umrah, she said: “You are paid as much as your tiredness and the amount you spend.” (Et-Terghib ve’t-Terhib c.2)
Source 1 Buhari, c.2, p.209; Muslim v.4, p.107. / 2 Et-Tergib ve’t-Terhib, Vol.2, p.165. / 3 Buhari, c.2 p. 141; Nesai, c.2, p.3. /4 Et-Terghib ve’t-Terhib ve’t-Terhib, vol.2, p.178. / 5 Et-Tergib ve’t-Terhib, Vol.2, p.180. / 6 Et-Tergib ve’t-Terhib, Vol.2, p.180. / 7 Abu Dawud, v.2, p.141. / 8 Et-Tergıb ve’t-Terhib, Vol.2, p.211..”
“Lebbeyk. Allahümme lebbeyk. Lebbeyke la şerike leke lebbeyk. innel-hamde vennimeteleke vel-mulk. La şerike lek.”
“La ilahe illa’llahu vahdehu la şerike leh, lehu’l-mulku ve lehu’l-hamdu ve huve ala kulli şey’in kadir.”
“La havle vela kuvvete illa billahi’l-aliyyi’l-azim”.
Hatim : Kabe’nin kuzeyinde yarım daire şeklindeki duvar.
Hicr : Kabe’nin, hatimle cevrilmiş olan kısmıdır. Kabe’den sayıldığı için tavaf Hatim’in dışından yapılır.
Hacer-i Esved : İçerisinde insanların ruhlar aleminde verdikleri ahitlerinin bir nushasının bulunduğu,Cennet-i Ala’dan gelmiş bembeyaz ve büyükçe bir yakuttur. Aslında bembeyaz iken günahkarların ellerini ve yüzlerini sürmelerinden dolayı siyahlaşmış ve Hacer-i Esved denilmiştir.
Mültezem : Hacer-i Esved’in konulduğu köşe ile Kabe’nin Kapısı arasıdır. Duaların makbul olduğu yerlerdendir.
Ihram : It consists of intention and talbiyah, which means to be involved in the haram by intending both, according to hajj, umrah, or qira. In the meantime, the two pieces of veil, called the rida and the izar, worn by men, are called ihram among the people (the ihram of women is their normal dress). It is to make certain mubahs unlawful in order to perform Hajj and Umrah. (İnaye c.2, p.429)
The mystery and wisdom of entering ihram: By undressing, which is the ornament of the world; It is to think about the birth and the resurrection of the dead, the place of Judgment, the day of reckoning, the balance, and to attain the divine divinity by being clean. Hajj and Umrah cannot be performed without Ihram.
The head is bare and the feet are bare. However, he wears heels and open slippers on his feet. After putting on the izar and rida, he performs 2 rak’ahs of prayer: In the first rak’ah, he reads the chapter of Kafirun after Fatiha-i Şerife, and in the second rak’ah, after the Fatiha-i Şerife, he reads the chapter of Ikhlas. After the prayer, he turns to the qibla and intends whatever he intends to do, either from Hajj or Umrah. (If he is a deputy, he says on behalf of someone or something) 3 times without a break:
“Lebbeyk, Allahumme labbeyk, labbeyke la şerike, stain labbeyk. İnnel-hamde ve’n-ni’mete stain ve’l-mulk. La sherry Lek.” He brings the talbiyah and recites the takbir and the Salavat-i sherif after him. Thus, the ihram is entered. From now on, many salawats are brought to the Prophet, prayers are made along the way; dhikr, tasbih and tehlil. Many talbiyahs are brought after the fard prayers. It is mustahab for men to say talbiyahs aloud. Women say without raising their voices.
Sunnah of Ihram
1- Before entering Ihram, cleaning the armpit and pubic hair, cutting nails and applying perfume.
2- To make a ghusl or to make wudu while entering ihram.
3- Men wrap themselves in two pieces of cloth, called izar and rida.
4- To perform two rak’ahs of ihram prayer, if it is not time for karaha after intending ihram.
5- To recite talbiyah at every opportunity while in ihram.
6- To repeat the talbiyah three times.
7- To utter takbir of taşrik, salawat-i sharif, prayer and supplication after talbiye.
THE MASTAHAPS OF İHRAM
1- Making intention for ihram for ghusl.
2- Whether the ihram is white, new or washed
3- Wearing nalin or slippers similar to naline
4- Using miswak.
5- Scanning their hair.
6- Cutting the mustache in accordance with the sunnah.
CONDITIONS FOR IHRAM TO BE AUTHENTIC
1- To have intention.
2- To bring talbiyah or to make a dhikr that replaces talbiyah.
The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: “There is no Muslim who is in talbiyah, so that the stone, tree, hard earth on his right and left does not accompany him, this participation (pointing to his right and left) continues until the last border of the earth in this and that direction. shall 18”.
Tawaf is to take the Kaaba to our left, starting from the corner where Haceru-l Esved is located, and to walk around it seven times. Each circumnavigation of the Kaaba is called shawt. 7 shawts would be a circumambulation. The making of each tawaf is the same. The difference is in determining intent. In this respect, the person who will perform circumambulation determines the type of circumambulation with his intention. Visiting circumambulation: One of the pillars of pilgrimage is fard circumambulation. The time of its execution is from the dawn of the first day of Eid-al-Adha to the end of life. However, it is wajib to perform this circumambulation on the days of Eid-al-Adha (until the sun sets on the third day). If it is left after the third day, the victim of punishment is wajib. If it is abandoned completely, the pilgrimage becomes invalid and vicious.
Sa’y; It is one of the rituals of pilgrimage and umrah, and it is to go back and forth between Safa and Marwa seven times. Dedicated to the obedience and loyalty of our Valide Hajar, Allahu Teala has made it obligatory for everyone who performs Umrah and Hajj like him.
After the invasion of Hacer-i Esved, they go to Safa and make intention. When you get to Safa Hill, you return to Baytullah. Hands are raised as in prayer. Praise and praise. Takbir is uttered three times. There is danger. He is brought to the Salevat-i sheriff. After praying for himself and the Muslims, he walks slowly towards Merve with prayers. When he comes to the green pole, ‘Hervele’ is done and run up to the second green pole. Between the two green pillars, it is prayed: